一、句型1： Subject (主语) ＋ Verb (谓语) （谓语为不及物动词）
The red sun rises in the east.
Lucy and Mary get up early every morning.
His parents have worked in the company for ten years.
What he said does not matter.
They had to travel by boat.
二、句型2：Subject (主语) ＋ Link. V(系动词) ＋ Predicate(表语)
Our English teacher is thirty years old.
The cake tastes delicious.
The potatoes went bad in the field.
They seemed very happy together.
It gets colder and colder.
The leaves have turned yellow.
三、句型3：Subject(主语) ＋ Verb (谓语)（谓语为及物动词） ＋ Object (宾语)
He put the dictionary in the backpack.
I saw her just now and she was doing her homework in the classroom.
They haven't decided when and where to hold the party.
She stopped teaching English two years ago.
Do you know when he left for Beijing?
Mother promised to give me a present.
Would you mind opening the window?
注意：跟不定式to do 作宾语的动词有：
打算(intend)计划(plan)和期盼(expect) 假装(pretend)喜欢(would like)表祝愿(wish)
注意：常要求接“疑问词＋不定式”作宾语的动词有ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, find out, forget, guess, know, learn, remember, tell, think, understand, wonder等。
admit 承认 appreciate 感激 avoid 避免 consider 考虑
delay 耽搁 dislike 嫌恶 enjoy 喜欢 escape 避免 excuse 原谅
fancy 想不到 feel like 意欲 finish 完成 forgive 原谅 give up 放弃
cannot help 情不自禁 imagine 设想 include 包括 keep 保持
mention 提及 mind 介意 miss 逃过 put off 推迟 practice 练习
resist 抵制 risk 冒险
四、句型4： Subject(主语)＋Verb(谓语)＋ Indirect object(间接宾语)＋Direct object (直接宾语)
Mr.Smith taught us English last year.
Grandma told me an interesting story last night.
Would you please pass me that dictionary?
=Would you please pass that dictionary to me?
He bought his mother a new sweater with his first month's salary.
=He bought a new sweater for his mother with his first month's salary.
五、句型5： Subject(主语)＋Verb (动词)＋Object (宾语)＋Complement(补语)
If you let me go. I'll make you king. (名词作宾补)
Leave the door open. (形容词作宾补)
We found Li Ming out when we arrived. (副词作宾补)
Make yourself at home. (介词短语作宾补)
I saw a stranger enter the building. (不定式作宾补)
The boss kept them working all day. (现在分词作宾补)
Yesterday he had his leg broken. (过去分词作宾补)